The U.S. government controls the export of a wide variety of physical commodities (equipment, materials, systems) on several control lists. Additionally, any technical data (technology)* which provides insight into the development, production, or use of a controlled physical commodity is also controlled as is certain software associated with the same items. Controlled goods, technology, and software may require further authorization from the U.S. government in the form of a license or license exemption prior to export. The Office of Export Controls will make the final determination on this for all Duke exporting activity.
Items developed or modified for military or space applications are controlled by the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and will likely need a license to be exported. Controlled goods, technical data, and software subject to the ITAR are listed in the US Munitions List (USML).
There is also a much larger list of commercial or "dual use" goods, technology, and software contained in the Commodity Control List (CCL) which is part of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). An Index to the CCL can be a helpful guide to indicate what types of goods and technology are controlled. Note: the index is provided as a refernece and should never be used as a final determination for what is and isn't controlled.
*Although the term "technical data" denotes an ITAR-controlled item it is used interchangeably on this website with the term "technology" which denotes an EAR-controlled item. The term "item" can mean a physical good, technology/technical data, or software.
Examples of controlled goods, technology, and software (list is not all-inclusive):
- Toxicological agents*
- Nuclear materials and technology
- Lasers and Sensors
- Night vision equipment
- Select agents (and other pathogens)*
- Arms and ammunition
- Explosives Detection Equipment
- Chemical warfare precursors*
- Semiconductors and microprocessors
- Telecommunications and encryption software
- Missile technology
- Navigation and avionics
- Marine vessels
- GPS technology
- Countermeasure technology for controlled goods
- Endangered Species
- Body armor and protective gear
- Fingerprint and identification retrieval
- Gas centrifuges
- Mass Spectrometers
- High strength materials
*Contact OESO for additional assistance with shipping these hazardous materials
The Office of Export Controls will assist the Duke community in determining the correct export commodity classification. Contact Export Controls for assistance.
See here for additional information on pre-export compliance requirements.
Note on Encryption Software:
- Symmetric encryption software and technology with key lengths of 56-bits or higher may require a license for export.
- Asymmetric Encryption software and technology with key lengths of 512-bits or more for RSA or D-H, or 112-bit or more for Elliptic Curve, may require a license for export.